Surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism in older adults.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To compare the feasibility, safety, and outcome of parathyroidectomy in the management of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in individuals aged 75 and older with that of those younger than 50. DESIGN Retrospective chart review. SETTING Department of Endocrine Surgery, Hospital Paul Desbief (Marseille, France). PARTICIPANTS Individuals who underwent surgery from June 2005 to February 2013 (N = 526) had a clinical examination and laboratory and imaging assessments to diagnose PHPT. MEASUREMENTS The clinical and biochemical characteristics and surgery outcomes of individuals younger than 50 (n = 80) were compared with the characteristics and outcomes of those aged 75 and older (n = 89). RESULTS Most of the participants did not have any specific signs of PHPT, and the diagnosis of PHPT was established in some participants during routine clinical and laboratory examination. Nephrolithiasis and osteitis fibrosa cystica were observed only in the younger group. Urinary calcium decreased with age. Nine participants aged 75 and older did not undergo surgery (four declined, five had medical contraindications). Conventional surgery through transverse cervicotomy was used in the majority of participants. Cure rate was excellent (158/160), with few and reversible minor complications. The coexistence of thyroid lesions was significantly higher in the older (47.5%) than in the younger group (32.3%). Nodules and multinodular goiters were removed in the majority of participants during the parathyroidectomy procedure. CONCLUSION With the exception of a few cases with severe associated comorbidities, parathyroidectomy is safe and curative and should be considered as first-line choice for older adult with PHPT.

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