Cu, Zn-SOD levels, free hemoglobin (Hb) and CPK-MB were measured in 18 patients undergoing open heart surgery. In order to evaluate the serum level of Cu, Zn-SOD, the ratio of Cu, Zn-SOD/free Hb was used to eliminate an influx of Cu, Zn-SOD released from erythrocytes during cardiopulmonary bypass. The value of Cu, Zn-SOD/free Hb was decreased significantly 30 minutes after aortic declamping and the minimal value was indicated 1 hour after the termination of cardiopulmonary bypass compared with the preoperative status. We thought that the decrease was due to the consumption of SOD competing against free radical generation. The correlation between the minimal value of Cu, Zn-SOD/free Hb and the ischemic time was apparent but the correlation between the minimal value of Cu, Zn-SOD/free Hb and the value of peak CPK-MB was not determined. It was suggested that the serum free radicals were not only derived from the heart but also from the lung or other parts of the body during open heart surgery.
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